Abstract [Background] This study aims to explore the relationship between the agricultural machinery use and the hired labor for cigar tobacco farmers so as to guide the agricultural production of cigars. [Methods] First, the changes in the use of machinery and labor in tobacco planting are reviewed. Then based on the survey data of cigar tobacco farmers in Shifang, Sichuan, the impact of agricultural machinery usage on hired labor is analyzed using the binary logit model and dependent variable restricted Tobit model. [Results] ① In the past 15 years, the rental operation fee, mechanical operation fee and labor cost of the tobacco field have been continuously increased, which confirms the “double dense” characteristics of tobacco planting labor capital. ② Under the cigar planting mode based on small-scale retail households, the use of machinery does not significantly replace the artificial input, but has a significant positive impact on hired labor for cigar planting. ③ Factors such as joining cooperatives, planting scale, family migrant members also have a significant positive impact on hired labor in small-scale cigar grower. However, factors such as planting experience, whether it is the production team leader and the purchase of agricultural insurance have a significant negative impact on hired labor. [Conclusion] Machinery use in cigar planting can significantly increase the probability of hired labor， which is the result of incomplete substitution of artificial labor by machinery in cigar growing and the planting scale expansion. Cigar growers cannot rely solely on the machinery usage to improve production efficiency, but more importantly need to optimize the production organization mode to improve quality and efficiency.
MA Long, YANG Jun, WANG Haijun, WU Junqian, LV Ji, LI Chengran, FAN Dan. Impact of agricultural machinery usage on hired labor——based on the survey data of Shifang cigar tobacco farmers, Sichuan province[J]. Acta Tabacaria Sinica, 2020, 26(4): 35-44.